NOTE: The below article has been further examined and after researching the original data of blood tests performed on specimens, the updated version can be found at:
1) The 2 species examined for their blood type were 0 negative
Neanderthals might have made good blood donors
2) Their head shape reminds me of the membership sections profile pics here
3) Rh negs have reddish tone in their hair for the most part and the neanderthals were red heads.
European Neanderthals had ginger hair and freckles
4) Neanderthals had a larger cranial capacity than humans today which would match reports that rh negs are on the average more intelligent than rh positives.
5) Neanderthal remains have been found in the areas where the percentages of rh negatives seem to be highest, with the only exception of Morocco and other areas where the Berbers live.
Additional information is being collected here: Were the Neanderthals more intelligent than we are?
“It is likely that Neanderthals were absorbed by modern humans,” he said. “My research suggests that they were a different kind of human, but humans nonetheless. We are more brothers than distant cousins.”
Half the Neanderthal genome has been decoded and the rest should be sequenced by year’s end, a scientist involved in the project told a human evolution conference last week.
WASHINGTON — We have met Neanderthal and he is us – at least a little. The most detailed look yet at the Neanderthal genome helps answer one of the most debated questions in anthropology: Did Neanderthals and modern humans mate?
Neanderthal man appears to have been prone to the violent use of weapons more commonly associated with his distant relative Homo sapiens.
Mating with Neanderthals
Early humans and Neanderthals (Homo neanderthalenis) co-existed, and researchers have long searched for evidence that the two groups mated.
Labuda got his first sign of the interbreeding about a decade ago when he discovered a snippet of DNA on the X chromosome found only in non-Africans and whose origin was unknown. (X chromosomes are sex chromosomes; women have two and men have one, paired with a Y chromosome.)
But until 2010 the group didn’t have anything to compare the snippet with. That year, the Neanderthal genome was sequenced, and a team of researchers (not including Labuda) reported in the journal Science that between 1 and 4 percent of the genome of some modern humans hails from Neanderthals, stocky hominids who lived between 130,000 and 30,000 years ago.
That 2010 study used DNA extracted from Neanderthal bones found in Croatia. With the new availability of a partial Neanderthal gene sequence from Croatia, Labuda and his team had something to compare their mysterious X chromosome fragment with.
Using DNA from 6,092 modern X chromosomes from every continent, the researchers found that the modern-day fragment matches one found in the Neanderthal genome. [Read: Who Were the Neanderthals?]
In the past there have been numerous theories for the cause(s) of autism, Asperger’s syndrome, ADHD and Tourette syndrome. Most of these theories can at best explain small parts of these diverse syndromes. Many of them extend their findings in spectacular ways to be able to claim to explain larger parts of the autism spectrum with little success.
This theory approaches the problem from a new radical viewpoint. Instead of approaching autism as a disorder, brain defect or the result of poor socialization or parenting, it claims that autistics are fully functional.
All the areas that are central to autism are related to species-typical adaptations that vary widely between species. These include nonverbal signals, social organization, sensory acuteness, motor skills, general preferences, sexuality, physical traits and biological adaptations. Some of this diversity in autistics is poorly understood and virtually unresearched and therefore is not published in peer-reviewed journals. Because of this lack of research, Aspie-quiz, an online questionnary, is heavily referenced for these traits.
Recent genetic research have demonstrated that the Out-of-Africa (OoA) model with no interbreeding fails to explain nuclear DNA diversity in Eurasia. Several models of interbreeding that do explain this diversity exists today. It therefore is quite likely that Neanderthals contributed to the Caucasian genome. Aspie-quiz have demonstrated in a large survey in the US population that Afroamericans have only 1/6 of the autism prevalence of Caucasians. The same survey also indicates that Asians and American Indians have about 1/2 of the autism prevalence of Caucasians.
Principal Component Analysis (PCA) of Aspie-quiz yields axises that seems to be related to the first Eurasian Homo, the formation of modern humans in Africa or South Asia and the hybridization between modern humans and Neanderthals in Europe. These axises seems to be 1.8 million years, 150,000 years and 37,000 years, which fits pretty good with the archaeologic evidences available.